As in most ancient religions, many of the Hindu holidays are based on the cycle of nature. They mark the change of seasons, celebrate the harvest, and encourage fertility of the land. Others are dedicated to a particular deity, such as Shiva or Ganesh. Still other popular holidays commemorate events in the lives of Rama or Krishna.
There is no set day for worship in Hinduism. Worship is less formal than some other religions.
There are two major Islamic holidays: Eid-ul-Fitr, “Festival of Fast-Breaking,” which marks the end of Ramadan, a holy month of fasting, and Eid-ul-Adha, “Festival of Sacrifice,” celebrated during the Hajj.
In addition, a few other celebrations are recognized in the Muslim community that vary across cultures, as well as across sects of Islam. Mawlid an-Nabi celebrates Prophet Muhammad’s birthday. Muslims are required to offer five prayers daily and have a special day for congregational prayer on Fridays.
In Judaism, life is marked by numerous special days. The Torah lists the following sacred days: the Sabbath; the three pilgrimage festivals Passover, Shavuot, and Sukkot; and the two High Holy Days Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur.
Judaism developed additional significant days from the time of the destruction of the Second Temple to modern times. Sabbath for Jews is known as Shabbat and runs between Friday and Saturday evenings.